Electronic – Does MOSFET let current flow through source to drain as it allows it from drain to source

bidirectionalcurrentmosfetpolaritysemiconductors

Does a MOSFET allow current flow in reverse direction (i.e.; from source to drain)?

I made a Google search, but couldn't find a clear statement about this matter. I have found this similar question, but it is about detecting current direction from the schematic symbol of a MOSFET. And under the same question, there is this answer which states that MOSFETs have no intrinsic polarity, thus they can conduct in both directions. However, that answer has no up/down votes or comments, so I can't make sure of it.

I need a clear answer on this. Does a MOSFET conduct in both directions?

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Best Answer

Yes it does conduct in either direction.

Due to the body diode, most discrete MOSFETs cannot block in the reverse direction, but the channel will conduct in either direction when the gate is biased "on".

If you want to conduct and block in both directions you need two MOSFETs in series.

MOSFETs used as near-perfect rectifiers are usually used in the reverse direction for conduction (so they can block in the other direction).

Edit: Your schematic here: enter image description here

Illustrates one example of switching AC with two MOSFETs (one of which will be conducting in reverse at any given time when the switches are on).

Another example is here, from the LT4351 datasheet:

enter image description here