I found the question below in a forum and I also have same problem. Unfortunately, there is no answer at all so I will post it here hope someone could make it clear.
A gain relation in a circuit of RCL and dependent sources ends up in an H(s) which is a quotient of polynomials in s. Number of poles is the number of energy storing elements independent of each other (you can assign independent starting conditions) and zeroes depend on the behavior of H(s) when s tends to infinity and the number of poles. Some zeroes and poles can be found by inspection, this is done knowing the above and observing some conditions and values of s so that the gain becomes zero or infinity.
The questions:

s is supposed to be sigma + jw, and sigma arises so that the transform integral converges. However, when constructing bode plots, this is completely ignored. Why? Is there a physical meaning to sigma?

The effects on the bode plot of zeroes and poles are to change the slope in 20dB incrementals (bode magnitude), the gain isn't really infinite on the poles, since s is replaced by jw and if the poles are real, s being complex will never have those real values so that the bode plot goes infinite. What is the meaning of this?

A region of convergence (ROC) for s can be found, which is a range of values for s so that the integrals converge. What is the ROC useful for? What happens when the frequency is outisde the ROC? Textbooks are pretty good in showing how to find these ROCs, but not in making clear what effects they have in your circuit.
Best Answer
As most folk know, \$s=\sigma+j\omega\$ (where \$j\omega\$ is the frequency along the xaxis in a bode plot or spectrum analysis). However, in a bode plot, \$\sigma\$ has no apparent meaning but it is actually the "unseen" zaxis (in and out of the screen/page).
If the natural resonant frequency of the RLC circuit were 1 radian per second then the zaxis is purely zeta, the damping ratio. That's the simple answer. The fuller pictures (hopefully) should be apparent with this image showing example bode plots along the top and the pole zero diagram in 3D at left bottom: 
As you should be able to see, the "zaxis" (or \$\sigma\$ axis) has values corresponding to \$\omega_n\$ (the natural resonant frequency aka \$\frac{1}{\sqrt{LC}}\$) and the damping ratio zeta (\$\zeta\$).
Hopefully you can see that now.
Basically it's damping ratio multiplied by natural resonant frequency for values of zeta between 0 and 1.
The gain IS infinite on the poles, indisputably. The rest of that particular question is probably irrelevant due to that misconception.
I have no idea what this means or how to answer it, sorry.
Think like this  you have a table and on that table you stand your pencil upright in the middle (this is the pole). You then place a really thin and pliable handkerchief over the end of the pencil. The contour made by the handkerchief produces a tent effect but more perfect: 
At any point from that pole position, the handkerchief has a numerical value that is perfectly defined. For instance, if you draw a circle around the pole, all points on the handkerchief would have the same amplitude. If the pole is at 1 then, the amplitude when s = 0+j0 (the origin) is 1. The amplitude at 0+j1 needs a little more thought  the distance from the pole to 0+j1 is 1.4142 therefore the amplitude is the reciprocal of 1.4142 i.e. 0.7071 (aka the 3 dB point of the simple RC filter your numbers numerical example describes).
At 0+j2, the distance from the pole is \$\sqrt{1^2+2^2}\$ = 2.236 and the amplitude is therefore 0.4472.
At 0+j10 (ten times the 3 dB frequency), the distance is \$\sqrt{1^2+10^2}\$ = 10.05 and the amplitude is 0.0995.
This can be extended to complex pole pairs and zeroes too. At any point on the jw axis (called X below) the amplitude is: 