# Electronic – Nodal analysis for current controlled current source

analysiscircuit analysis

Okay here I go. I just started learning nodal analysis technique but I feel its difficult in solving the circuits consisting of dependent current and voltage sources.

Im unable to solve this circuit.

The current source is a dependent current source and whose value is 180 times Ix and Ix is the current flowing through the 0.7 v battery.

Generally to solve this type of circuits we find a relation to express Ix in terms of node voltages / resistance. example Ix = (V2 - V1 ) / 500 ohms . But here there is no resistance in the 0.7 v branch voltage. I am unable to find a solution to solve it.
Could anyone kindly explain me the solution to this circuit.

NOTE I have found a solution by finding the thevinin's resistance across 0.7 v battery and replaced it with Rth in series with 0.7v and I have got the solution but I want to know, Can we get it using only KCL equations (nodal analysis) ?

AFAIK, you can always solve any linear circuit the 'brute force' way using nodal analysis:

1. Write Kirchoff's Current Equations on all nodes except ground
2. For every circuit component, (i.e. resistors, capacitors etc.), write down their behaviour (for instance, ohm's law for a resistance, i = c dV/dt for a capacitance and so on)
3. At this point, we'll have a handful of equations with us. We can also try to eliminate as many equations from them as possible using any info we have; however in the end, we need to be left with N simultaneous equations in N unknowns. Solve them and we'll get all the node voltages and branch currents.

Coming to the circuit above, let's define the current through V2 as I2, and the ones through R_n as I_n. Let me also call the node at the top as V_a, the node between the CCCS and R5 as V_c, the one between the R_7 and R_8 as V_b and the node in the middle as V_e. Now, writing Kirchoff's Current Law on these nodes will leave us with $$I_2 = I_7 + I_5\\ I_7 = I_8 + I_x\\ I_x + I_5 = I_6$$ respectively. Writing down the 'behaviour' of R6, R5, R7, R8, V2, V3 and the CCCS will respectively yield $$V_E = I_6 R_6 \\ V_A - V_C = I_5 R_5 \\ V_A - V_B = I_7 R_7 \\ V_B = I_8 R_8 \\ V_A = V_2 \\ V_B = V_E + 0.7\\ I_5 = 180 I_x$$

That's 10 linear equations in 10 unknowns. Solve them, and we'll find all I_x as 88.18uAmps...

Of course, 10 equations is a bit too much to solve by hand (I generally use Gauss-Jordan elimination to do this part), but as far as I've seen, this method works in situations where the usual 'text-book' approach using nodal and mesh analyses fail. Furthermore, we don't have to deal with the painful Thevenin equivalent/Super-mesh workarounds here...

On the downside, I'm not quite sure if this approach works with every possible circuit (so far I haven't seen any where it fails), so any negative feedback on this part is welcome :)