Electronic – Power Transformer: 110V and 220V input, with two 15V outputs 180 degrees out of phase


I have never designed a power supply before and have a few questions and would appreciate any help.

  • Firstly, I want to use a transformer that can both take 220V and 110V inputs. Can I use a center tap transformer and for 110V put the coils in series and for 220V only use one coil and leave the second open circuited?

  • Secondly, I need an output of + and – 15, so do I select a transformer with a center tap secondary and wire the two identical outputs to be 180 degrees out of phase?

  • Lastly, I cannot find any transformers with these specifications. What I've been looking for is a center tap primary and secondary with a ratio of 15:1

Thank you in advance.

Best Answer

Using a centre-tapped primary usually means that you de-rate the transformer to half power.

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Figure 1. Series and parallel connections for split-winding transformer. Image source: Electro-Dan. The linked article discusses torroidal transformers but the principle is the same for standard transformers.

Instead, the common approach due to its flexibility is to use a transformer with two 110 V primaries and two equal secondaries. The primaries can then be wired in series for 220 V operation and parallel for 110 V. Similarly, the secondaries can be wired in parallel for high current or series for higher voltage. The series connection point is, in effect, the secondary centre-tap.

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Figure 2. For switching primary voltage by the user you would add a voltage selector switch. Source: Modulus Amplification.

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