# Electronic – Resistance of mosfet’s internal diode

mosfetpowermosfetswitching

I am an IoT solutions developer and not an engineer, so please excuse my vocabulary if not upto the mark.

I have used Mosfets such as FDD6637 and IRF9310 in my circuits for power switching and they work great for my use cases because of their low Rds(on).

From the datasheet, there is an internal diode and I am showing the characteristics in the attached image.

My questions:

• What would be the internal resistance of this diode? Will it be the same as Rds(on)? I can't seem to find it in the datasheet.
• Do you know of any P-channel mosfet that does not have this diode but has similar Rds(on) (10 to 15 mOhms at -4.5v?). I do not want reverse current to flow in a particular case, as I need my switching to work in only one direction.

Thanks in advance for your help!!

EDIT:
I have shown my problem in the rough diagrams below (sorry if the symbols are not accurate).

Works but battery powers load through internal diode (apparently):

Even though above circuit works, the question is about the internal resistance of diode and the drop across the mosfet when main power is off.

Following does not work because main voltage shows up at battery connector:

In the above circuit, I expect the mosfet not to conduct when there is +9v. But it is conducting because of the internal diode. This circuit would take advantage of the low Rds(on), so it is desired.

When there is no +9v, the load gets powered by the battery alright.

#### Best Answer

I answer to your questions below, starting from the first one on the body drain diode.

• What would be the internal resistance of this diode? Will it be the same as Rds(on)? I can't seem to find it in the datasheet.

The I-V characteristic of a diode is not linear, so it is almost never modeled as a single resistor: this is the reason why, in the datasheet of the MOSFETS you use, such parameter is not even mentioned. The only exception to this situation I'm aware of is the characterization of high power diodes like this: in the datasheet of those power devices, the so called slope resistance $$\\mathrm{r_T}\$$ is specified. In such devices, the magnitude of this model resistance is usually of few milliohms: however, in MOSFETs you cannot expect any precise relation between the (unspecified) $$\\mathrm{r_T}\$$ and the (very well characterized) $$\R_{DS_\mathrm{ON}}\$$ since these two resistances do not model the same physical phenomena even if the semiconductor structure is the very same one.

• Do you know of any P-channel mosfet that does not have this diode but has similar Rds(on) (10 to 15 mOhms at -4.5v?). I do not want reverse current to flow in a particular case, as I need my switching to work in only one direction.

Power MOSFETs where the body drain diode is not present have been produced in the past, but they are not easily available and surely do not have the low $$\R_{DS_\mathrm{ON}}\$$ you need in your application. I suggest another approach which may be a more viable alternative:

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

The $$\p\$$-channel MOSFETs shown are used in the so called anti series connection: when the common $$\V_{GS}\$$ is $$\>0\$$, the MOSFETs are OFF and the two body drain diodes are connected back to back, so they are not conducting. When $$\V_{GS}\ll V_\mathrm{th}\$$, both the two MOSFETs are ON and the battery feed the load through a $$\2R_{DS_\mathrm{ON}}\$$ resistance: by choosing properly the devices, you solve the problem at the cost of an additional MOSFET.