Electronic – Why shunt resistance has 3 line

current measurementresistors

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I know that the there is two lines to connect it to the integrator like the below picture , so what the 3rd line do ?? how to use it ?? is it necessary ?

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Best Answer

These are current shunt device sold for use with KWh meters. As Kortuk notes, these are 5 wire devices - not 3 as may appear.

2 of the 5 "wires" are hard bolted connections to the "copper" frame.

Current flows between studs or bolts which are inserted through the two holes so the main current flow is via the copper strip.

If you take the diagram you provided at face value (see anotated version below) it shows exactly what is being done.

  • The two stud holes make contact with the power circuit.
    B is the power input side. C is the load side
    Th sense element is usually constantan.

  • So BC measure a voltage proportional to load current.

  • A is used to measure the input voltage = the common mode voltage in the diagram. The diagram does nit show A being used BUT in a "real" system the 2 x R2 resistor could be returned to A if desired instead of ground.

  • Va and Bc are very similar - the voltage drop across half the terminal is the only difference, This could be used but may not be.

Note that A & C leads have the same colour code in all 3 devices while B varies.

B & C leads connect hard up against the sense element. The voltage drop that they see is caused essentially solely by the sense element. If you want to sense current based solely on this devices sense element these are the leads to use.

However, the A lead connects to the side of the bolted portion at one end. There will be minimal current flow in this area so it will assume the potential of the input "stud" less any contact voltage drop. There will be SOME voltage drop across the "copper" frame but this would usually be liable to be small. However, what voltage drop there is will appear across leads A-B and be able to be measured by the test system.

As per diagram, A is used for voltage sensing while B-C is for current sensing.

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kWh meter PCB & resistor

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What it does seems clear enough.
The question is, still, why?

Possible only:

  • If there is temperature rise in the copper then the ratio Vcopper / Velement will vary.
  • The voltage Va-b will be small in all cases. This could allow monitoring in a different way to the higher voltage Vb-c.

The above sold here

Similar sold here

kWh meter PCB for use wih these devices