Electronic – What back-end and front-end are in hardware design


I saw these two terms in context of chip-design.

  1. what are Back-end and Front-end?
  2. what are the differences between them?

Best Answer

@W5V0's answer is true. But Front-end can mean RTL-level design (Verilog or VHDL) and back-end is the chip-specific work (e.g. synthesis, mapping to gates) that results in a GDS-II file for the chip manufacturer.