Unusual voltage drop at BJT (2N2222)


I'm using BJT (NPN) that is supplied with 7V DC signal at the collecter, 5V DC signal at the base and need a 12V output at emitter. Right now i'm getting 4.35V at emitter. How can i implement it?enter image description here

Best Answer

BJTs don't work how you apparently think they work. Remember that the B-E junction looks like a diode to the outside circuit. You are seeing a 650 mV drop (5.00 V - 4.35 V) from B to E, which is squarely in the expected range.

You are using the transistor in emitter follower configuration. You will therefore get significant current gain, but no voltage gain. Actually the voltage gain will be a little less than 1.

The answer is to use a different topology. A emitter follower simply isn't going to do what you want.

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