Your maths is wrong.

100 Watts generated by solar power at 12V.

Your 8.33 amps is the correct calculation.

The mistake you have made is assuming that this current **stays the same value** when added to the 110V source. You cannot just connect the systems. To feed the 12V (DC) into the 110V (AC) you need to convert them to the same thing - usually the 110V AC. This means using some form of converter (basically a transformer with the DC turned into AC by transistor switches). The POWER OUT will always be less than the POWER in so that at 110V the current will be less than 0.909 Amps **NOT 8.33 Amps**. (Vin * Iin >= Vout * Iout)

It sounds like you may have a handle on your question already, but I would like to add a couple of points about NIMH vs Alkaline.

You don't say how many watts or how many amps or milliamps your megaphone will be demanding, but the NiMH have a much lower internal resistance and so they can provide a much higher current without dropping their voltage as much as an Alkaline will. At higher loads, a Nimh will provide more power than a Alkaline; at very low loads, an Alkaline will provide more power (a very very loose generalization, but for example, an Alkaline will last forever in a remote control while the NiMH will not last as long - of course there is also the self discharge of many of the NiMH).

Also, most NiMH have a NOMINAL volatage of 1.2, but fully charged they start out at closer to 1.4 (I have measured some NiMH fully charged at 1.5) volts, and as mentioned already, hold to the 1.2 volts for most of their discharge.

The Alkalines often start closer to 1.6 volts, but quickly lose voltage as they discharge so that their average voltage through their life is about 1.2 Volts! Of course this depends on what the cut off voltage of your Megaphone is.

Don't forget that most NiMH have a very high self discharge rate and can lose 10-20% of their capacity in the first day, and 1% of their capacity per day just sitting there and are essentially completely discharged in 3 months or less! There are newer NiMH that hold 85% of their capacity over a year.

Check out http://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/Nickel_based_batteries for more info.

As far as your 4 options, option 2 sounds like the best one. Options 3 and 4 have been discussed by others as to why they offer such poor performance.

## Best Answer

\$kW \cdot h\$ are a measure of energy, for which grid customers are billed and usually shows up on your invoice in easily understood numbers (0-1000, not 0-1 or very large numbers; ranges which, unfortunately, confuse many people).

\$A \cdot h\$ are a measure of electrical charge. A battery (or capacitor) can store more or less a certain amount of charge regardless of its operating conditions, whereas its output energy can change. If the voltage curve for a battery in certain operating conditions are known (circuit, temperature, lifetime), then its output energy is also known, but not otherwise, though you can come up with some pretty good estimates.

To convert from \$A \cdot h\$ to \$kW \cdot h\$ for a constant voltage source, multiply by that voltage; for a changing voltage and/or current source, integrate over time: $$ \frac{1 kW\cdot h}{1000 W\cdot h}\int_{t_1}^{t_2} \! I(t)E(t)dt ~;~~E~[V],~I~[A],~{t_{1,2}}~[h]$$