My control system is a simple microcontroller between 3.3V and 5V, but the stepper motors I require are 12V. I have ordered a 14.8V battery that I intend on regulating down to 12V to drive the motors, but should I also regulate down to 5V for the control system or use a separate power source?
In short, are the control systems and motor drives typically powered by the same source or are they independent? I know that high series resistance batteries can show significant output voltage drop when high current is drawn, but my question is really regarding common practice in power design.
Assuming the voltage drop from high current is low (not sufficient to affect the 5V regulated bus), would it be reasonable to use the same power source for both systems?
Using something like this, for example: