# Electronic – Voltage multiplier calculations

multipliervoltage

I want to make a voltage multiplier to gain a high voltage, I understand that you must input AC for it to work and you get DC out. I also understand that the multiplier is made up of capacitors and diodes.

What I don't understand is how you calculate what size capacitors you use. I have often just seen a value of 10nF; but what does that do, and can you use different value and what effect does it have? Are there any equations for voltage multipliers, even for calculating total output voltage? Say I wanted to make a voltage doubler to start off with; would I use 10nF?

Higher the capacitance, more energy is stored, so be carefoul. As the roule of The rule of thumb is to take a range from 10nF to 100nF. And don't forget to add the load of at least 40MOhm.

Output voltage (once when it is settled) is 2*Vmax*N where N is the number of diode-capacitor sections.

You can find more explanation on:

http://www.cirvirlab.com/index.php/tutorials/90-diode-voltage-multiplier-circuit.html

and insted of calculating, you can simulate voltage multiplier on

http://www.cirvirlab.com/simulation/diode_voltage_multiplier_circuit_online.php