C# – Writing XML files using XmlTextWriter with ISO-8859-1 encoding


I'm having a problem writing Norwegian characters into an XML file using C#. I have a string variable containing some Norwegian text (with letters like æøå).

I'm writing the XML using an XmlTextWriter, writing the contents to a MemoryStream like this:

MemoryStream stream = new MemoryStream();
XmlTextWriter xmlTextWriter = new XmlTextWriter(stream, Encoding.GetEncoding("ISO-8859-1"));
xmlTextWriter.Formatting = Formatting.Indented;
xmlTextWriter.WriteStartDocument(); //Start doc

Then I add my Norwegian text like this:


Then I write the file to disk like this:

FileStream myFile = new FileStream(myPath, FileMode.Create);
StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(myFile);

stream.Position = 0;
StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(stream);
string content = sr.ReadToEnd();



Now the problem is that in the file on this, all the Norwegian characters look funny.

I'm probably doing the above in some stupid way. Any suggestions on how to fix it?

Best Answer

Why are you writing the XML first to a MemoryStream and then writing that to the actual file stream? That's pretty inefficient. If you write directly to the FileStream it should work.

If you still want to do the double write, for whatever reason, do one of two things. Either

  1. Make sure that the StreamReader and StreamWriter objects you use all use the same encoding as the one you used with the XmlWriter (not just the StreamWriter, like someone else suggested), or

  2. Don't use StreamReader/StreamWriter. Instead just copy the stream at the byte level using a simple byte[] and Stream.Read/Write. This is going to be, btw, a lot more efficient anyway.

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