Selenium – Any suggestions for testing extjs code in a browser, preferably with selenium

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We've been using selenium with great success to handle high-level website testing (in addition to extensive python doctests at a module level). However now we're using extjs for a lot of pages and its proving difficult to incorporate Selenium tests for the complex components like grids.

Has anyone had success writing automated tests for extjs-based web pages? Lots of googling finds people with similar problems, but few answers. Thanks!

Best Answer

The biggest hurdle in testing ExtJS with Selenium is that ExtJS doesn't render standard HTML elements and the Selenium IDE will naively (and rightfully) generate commands targeted at elements that just act as decor -- superfluous elements that help ExtJS with the whole desktop-look-and-feel. Here are a few tips and tricks that I've gathered while writing automated Selenium test against an ExtJS app.

General Tips

Locating Elements

When generating Selenium test cases by recording user actions with Selenium IDE on Firefox, Selenium will base the recorded actions on the ids of the HTML elements. However, for most clickable elements, ExtJS uses generated ids like "ext-gen-345" which are likely to change on a subsequent visit to the same page, even if no code changes have been made. After recording user actions for a test, there needs to be a manual effort to go through all such actions that depend on generated ids and to replace them. There are two types of replacements that can be made:

Replacing an Id Locator with a CSS or XPath Locator

CSS locators begin with "css=" and XPath locators begin with "//" (the "xpath=" prefix is optional). CSS locators are less verbose and are easier to read and should be preferred over XPath locators. However, there can be cases where XPath locators need to be used because a CSS locator simply can't cut it.

Executing JavaScript

Some elements require more than simple mouse/keyboard interactions due to the complex rendering carried out by ExtJS. For example, a Ext.form.CombBox is not really a <select> element but a text input with a detached drop-down list that's somewhere at the bottom of the document tree. In order to properly simulate a ComboBox selection, it's possible to first simulate a click on the drop-down arrow and then to click on the list that appears. However, locating these elements through CSS or XPath locators can be cumbersome. An alternative is to locate the ComoBox component itself and call methods on it to simulate the selection:

var combo = Ext.getCmp('genderComboBox'); // returns the ComboBox components
combo.setValue('female'); // set the value
combo.fireEvent('select'); // because setValue() doesn't trigger the event

In Selenium the runScript command can be used to perform the above operation in a more concise form:

with (Ext.getCmp('genderComboBox')) { setValue('female'); fireEvent('select'); }

Coping with AJAX and Slow Rendering

Selenium has "*AndWait" flavors for all commands for waiting for page loads when a user action results in page transitions or reloads. However, since AJAX fetches don't involve actual page loads, these commands can't be used for synchronization. The solution is to make use of visual clues like the presence/absence of an AJAX progress indicator or the appearance of rows in a grid, additional components, links etc. For example:

Command: waitForElementNotPresent
Target: css=div:contains('Loading...')

Sometimes an element will appear only after a certain amount of time, depending on how fast ExtJS renders components after a user action results in a view change. Instead of using arbitary delays with the pause command, the ideal method is to wait until the element of interest comes within our grasp. For example, to click on an item after waiting for it to appear:

Command: waitForElementPresent
Target: css=span:contains('Do the funky thing')
Command: click
Target: css=span:contains('Do the funky thing')

Relying on arbitrary pauses is not a good idea since timing differences that result from running the tests in different browsers or on different machines will make the test cases flaky.

Non-clickable Items

Some elements can't be triggered by the click command. It's because the event listener is actually on the container, watching for mouse events on its child elements, that eventually bubble up to the parent. The tab control is one example. To click on the a tab, you have to simulate a mouseDown event at the tab label:

Command: mouseDownAt
Target: css=.x-tab-strip-text:contains('Options')
Value: 0,0

Field Validation

Form fields (Ext.form.* components) that have associated regular expressions or vtypes for validation will trigger validation with a certain delay (see the validationDelay property which is set to 250ms by default), after the user enters text or immediately when the field loses focus -- or blurs (see the validateOnDelay property). In order to trigger field validation after issuing the type Selenium command to enter some text inside a field, you have to do either of the following:

  • Triggering Delayed Validation

    ExtJS fires off the validation delay timer when the field receives keyup events. To trigger this timer, simply issue a dummy keyup event (it doesn't matter which key you use as ExtJS ignores it), followed by a short pause that is longer than the validationDelay:

    Command: keyUp
    Target: someTextArea
    Value: x
    Command: pause
    Target: 500
  • Triggering Immediate Validation

    You can inject a blur event into the field to trigger immediate validation:

    Command: runScript
    Target: someComponent.nameTextField.fireEvent("blur")

Checking for Validation Results

Following validation, you can check for the presence or absence of an error field:

Command: verifyElementNotPresent   
Target: //*[@id="nameTextField"]/../*[@class="x-form-invalid-msg" and not(contains(@style, "display: none"))]

Command: verifyElementPresent   
Target: //*[@id="nameTextField"]/../*[@class="x-form-invalid-msg" and not(contains(@style, "display: none"))]

Note that the "display: none" check is necessary because once an error field is shown and then it needs to be hidden, ExtJS will simply hide error field instead of entirely removing it from the DOM tree.

Element-specific Tips

Clicking an Ext.form.Button

  • Option 1

    Command: click Target: css=button:contains('Save')

    Selects the button by its caption

  • Option 2

    Command: click Target: css=#save-options button

    Selects the button by its id

Selecting a Value from an Ext.form.ComboBox

Command: runScript
Target: with (Ext.getCmp('genderComboBox')) { setValue('female'); fireEvent('select'); }

First sets the value and then explicitly fires the select event in case there are observers.

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